According to the United Nations Department of Economic & Social Affairs, around 700 million people in 43 countries suffer today from water scarcity. By 2025, 1.8 billion people will be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity, and two-thirds of the world's population could be living under water stressed conditions.
In October 2015, the Indian government cleared the first phase of State level action plans worth Rs 2,786 crore under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) for 89 cities in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan with the aim to ensure water supply and sewerage connections to all urban households. In this context, composites can play significant roles by ensuring low water absorption and excellent chemical resistance across their applications in wastewater and gray water treatment equipment, wastewater discharge systems, and rainwater harvesting tanks.
It is said that "the third world war will be about water". With rapid urbanization, rising industrialization and increasing population growth, the depletion of our water resources is becoming a serious issue. A report by the United Nations (UN) predicts that around 3.4 billion people will be living in "water-scarce" countries by 2025.
Traditionally metal, concrete or plastic pipes are used in water and sewage infrastructure across the world. However, metal pipes being prone to corrosion are gradually outpaced. Also, conventional plastic pipes are not a viable option for a sustainable development due to relatively lower life and also their relatively lesser pressure ratings.
Globally corrosion free, light-weight Glass-reinforced thermosetting plastics (GFRP) pipes are finding applications across each and every component of futuristic smart cities development including water supply, wastewater and sewerage collection, harvesting, drainage and others.
Effective water management system is a prerequisite for today’s urbanization as water has become one of the fast depleting natural resources. State-of-the-art Sewerage Treatment Plants (STP) are becoming an integral part in the water management process through effective transportation, treatment, conservation, reuse and recycling.
More than 97% of the world’s surface water reserves are saline seawater and therefore undrinkable. Desalination of sea and brackish water has emerged as the most effective and economically viable solution to produce safe drinking water at larger quantity.
Today's complex products across the industry demand materials that provide high-performance across the life cycle. Pipes and fittings are more susceptible to corrosion due to their applications in the hostile chemical environments.
An Advanced mechanical and air handing insulation systems were chosen to insulate the 65,000-seat Heinz Field in Pittsburgh that covers 13 miles of piping and enough ductwork to span 5 gridirons. The company’s SSL II fiberglass pipe insulation was used to optimize system performance and save energy on domestic water, chilled water, heating hot water and condensate drain piping whereas their fiberglass air handling system helped in improving indoor air quality while conserving heating and cooling, preventing condensation and reducing noise.
Glasswool insulation, also known as fibreglass insulation, emerged as the most widely used insulation material in the construction industry worldwide because of its better insulation properties, light weight, superior resilience and high tensile strength. Further, glasswool insulation is cost effective and can withstand high operating temperatures.
Indian government recently announced its ambitious plan to make LPG available to all in three years. Today India is the fourth largest consumer of LPG in the world after USA, China & Japan. Composite LPG Cylinders provide Safety, Translucency, Aesthetics and lightweight defining the tangible advantages today’s discerning consumers can avail of.
With over 300 million houses, over 300 days of sunshine a year and an ambitious target of 40 GWs of generation target by 2020, the rooftop solar sector is all set to revolutionize Indian power sector.
GFRP, the sustainable solution for solar panel mountings is fast replacing conventional solar panels and has important roles to play.
Access to electricity for all is at the centre of discussion worldwide as it contributes significantly for sustainable development. A robust and efficient power transmission and distribution (T&D) infrastructure is imperative for effective transfer of power from generation source to the consumption points or demand center's.
According to the latest market study released by Technavio, the global smart city market is expected to reach 1.45 trillion USD by 2020, growing at a CAGR of almost 20%. Smart energy management across the urban infrastructure segments including transportation, buildings, power, water and wastewater, and lighting will fuel the development agenda for cities of future. State-of-the-art solutions like lighting infrastructure, renewable energy and thermal and acoustic insulations will have significant roles to play.
Insulation and Green Buildings have been a major growth driver in the West and are increasingly becoming a way of life. In India too, things are starting to evolve around this key domain. With the emergence of Smart Cities program in India, there is a calling for green buildings especially around Greenfield areas.
Acoustical conditions and sound insulations are becoming increasingly critical in modern buildings design and construction as they have significant impacts on health, communication and productivity of occupants.
For years, textiles have been used as an acoustic material due to low production costs and advantage of specific gravity. However, out of textiles, nonwovens are used by preference for acoustics due to its porous structure, large surface area and low cost of production.
Buildings across the globe consume around 70% of the total energy generated and are a major contributor to the greenhouse gases. According to United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the energy consumption in buildings can be reduced by 30 to 80% using proven and commercially available technologies.
Lighting can account for 10–38% of the total energy bill in typical cities worldwide and street lighting is one the most important areas. Inefficient lighting can waste significant financial resources each year, and poor lighting creates unsafe conditions. Installation of energy efficient LEDs can cut street lighting costs by 25-60% whereas solar powered LED street lights can reduce load on grid. Today’s sensor based smart street lighting contributes to energy saving immensely
Buildings across the globe consume 60-70% of the total energy generated. The building envelope consists of all the building elements that separate the inside from the outside. Therefore, effective building envelope insulation helps blocking heat influx into buildings, improves comfort and reduces cooling loads. This further optimizes the power consumption by efficient cooling systems and reduced energy consumption.
Thus adding insulation to a home's building envelope can be the most cost-efficient way to reduce energy consumption thereby contributing to a green and sustainable development. Extruded Polystyrene (XPS) is a proven insulation solution.
The construction industry is the second largest industry in India after agriculture. It accounts for about 11% of India’s GDP and employs over 33 million people. According to a new study by Global Construction Perspectives and Oxford Economics, India will become the world's third largest construction market by 2025, adding 11.5 million homes a year to become a $1 trillion a year market.
Composites have been used in the construction industry for a long time due to their proven performance and diverse applications across the infrastructure and building segments.
Swimming pools are no longer a luxury; it becomes need for the today’s generation. Today almost every big society or apartment across major cities has a common swimming pool for its members. With increasing urbanization and burgeoning socio-economic growth, swimming pools are becoming an integral part even in tier-2 and tier-3 cities.
Roofing is an integral part of home. Apart from playing a key role in the aesthetics of a house, roofing also acts as the first line of defence against inclement weather. Globally the domain of roofing has transformed radically due to introduction of advanced technologies and change in demand pattern.
Traditionally dominated by asbestos and galvanised steel sheets, roofing industry in India has also evolved during the past few years.
With burgeoning urbanisation and rapid socio-economic development, state-of-the-art roofing shingles have started dominating the market space. The industry is shifting its preferences by moving towards roofing shingles thanks to their unique features of breakthrough design, attractive colours, enhanced protection, excellent adhesive power and exceptional wind resistance.
Windows play essential roles in determining the overall energy profile of residential and other buildings where the efficiency, durability and maintenance of lineals is a key factor. The burgeoning building and construction industry in China makes it the world’s largest market for windows – around 36 percent of global manufacturing output at present.
Fencing is an essential element to safeguard of a property and living beings staying within. Fencing comes in a wide variety of materials that not give enhanced safety but also offers better aesthetics.
Composites having diverse application even proved their mettle in the fencing areas. Glass fibre-reinforced plastic (GFRP) fencing being light-weight, fire-retardant and corrosion-resistant are finding increasing acceptance across the industries. UV resistance and all weather adjustable design makes it a long lasting option over conventional material based fences. Flexibility in design allows compatible or designer fencings that pleasing to the eyes. One of the key criteria being structural stability is fulfilled by GFRP based fencing due to its high tensile properties.
First impressions count, especially when it comes to our homes. It is no secret that the style and colour of key exterior elements such as the front door, can say a lot about your personality. Doors also have significant roles in the energy profile of a home. Therefore, selecting the right doors is essential for better safety, acoustics, aesthetics, hygiene and air quality.
Today fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) doors are frequently specified by designers and engineers due to their durable construction and lightweight design. FRP doors made with resin transfer moulding (RTM) and sheet moulded compound (SMC) come with variety of colours, designs, textures and dimensions to meet aesthetical design of residential areas. At the same time they replace the traditional doors in industrial buildings due to their rugged, superior quality.
Today’s architectures are becoming complex in design. Architects who built Melbourne’s iconic structure namely Melbourne Recital Centre, faced the challenges of developing a cost-effective and sustainable project while ensuring maximum acoustic performance given that the building is sited along a tramline and one of Melbourne's major traffic thoroughfares.
They selected specially developed glass fiber reinforced concrete (GRC) that offers flexibility in designing and ensures better structural strength.
As India rides on the 100 smart-city mission, the country needs aggressive execution of state-of-the-art infrastructure. As a part of this, connecting cities will remain the primary objective for holistic socio-economic development. India is a vast country with difficult terrains therefore there is the need to build tunnels in conjunction with road and rail infrastructure expansion.
Smart City is the core development agenda across all economies - developed and developing . Riding on its ambitious infrastructure plan, the Indian government plans to develop 100 smart cities by 2022. However, development of these smart cities would need to go hand in hand with the growth of core infrastructure across these cities.
Effective and intelligent transport systems, smart grids, smart waste management, and smart water management will be the key components for smart infrastructure development that are all set to improve the management of urban flows.
With rapid urbanization and increased industrialization, India has embarked on a massive road construction programme. The pace of road making has increased significantly to 20 kilometers per day from a modest rate of 7-8 kilometers 3-4 years back. According to the highways ministry, road-building in India will touch a record high of 30 kms per day soon.
However, meeting the target of building better roads at the desired pace, will need advanced technology like engineered paving mats for bitumen roads such as non woven from hybrid glass fiber and polyester fibers.
Steel rebar has been used in bridge building for years. However, with the emergence of glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP), the process has evolved significantly. GFRP has fast outperformed steel rebar thanks to their higher tensile strength, lighter weight and better value proposition. Tensile strength of FRP rebar is typically 1.5 to 2 times higher than steel, so it’s a good counterbalance to concrete’s high compressive strength. It also provides excellent fatigue resistance, making it suitable for cyclic loading situations.
Manholes are critical infrastructure for day-to-day smooth sewerage functioning of any city. These manholes are protected using a lid called manhole covers to prevent anything from falling in and to keep out unauthorized persons and materials.
For years, manhole covers used to be have been manufactured by concrete, steel fiber reinforced concrete, cast iron, ductile iron or PVC, but materials which typically have certain disadvantages. Today, Glass fiber Reinforced Plastic (GFRP) made manhole covers have gained popularity being light-weight, easy to handle and corrosion free.
Smart City is the new buzzword as far India is concerned. Manholes, that are integral part of any cities, are drawing enough attention from the city planners and municipal authorities. Today highly durable, light-weight GFRP manholes have growing demand due to their unique features.
Waste management is an evolving field that has experienced rapid growth over the past few decades. According to a report by Research and Markets, the smart waste management market is projected to grow from USD 1.08 billion in 2016 to USD 2.37 billion by 2021, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 16.9% due to increase in the number of smart city initiatives and strict regulations imposed by regulating bodies for environment protection and waste disposal.
The report also said, “Optimization solutions segment is estimated to grow at the highest rate during the forecast period. The key trends contributing to this market growth are the increased usage of connected devices that help in easing the monitoring and tracking of fleets and workforce.”
Favourable policy formulation together with positive business environment is pushing the Indian economy to a greater height. The country is witnessing rapid infrastructure development and urbanisation like never before. To expand the city limits further, the Indian government plans to develop 100-smart cities with a commitment of spending $7.27 billion over the next five years. However, to meet the demand for existing urban population and our future cities, there is the greater need of efficient water management.
Effluent Treatment Plants (ETPs) having GFRP components can help.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led government launched the national campaign “Clean India” initiative. It is a national campaign to make India open defecation free. Though the pace of toilet building in rural India has picked up tremendously, the target of building 120 million toilets by 2019 is still a long way off.
Glass Fiber Reinforced (GFRP) and GFRP Sandwich Panel Toilets can address this issue being the scalable and sustainable solution. GFRP based toilets also offer smart features like water level sensors, coin validator, auto flush, and GPS system that minimize the need for onsite resources.
India has the largest number of people without toilets at home. Seeing this need, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched “Clean India” campaign to provide new sanitary toilets to more than 60 million homes by 2019. Post this announcement, the pace of toilet-building in rural India has picked up tremendously.
Glass Reinforced Concrete (GRC) technology can help in realising this dream due to their unique advantages in terms of quick and easy installation. Precast toilets made of GRC are durable and cost-effective tool.
According to Smart Cities Council, the total volume of waste generated globally is expected to increase by nearly 50% over the next decade. This will need more landfills and will create havoc on the environment. Therefore, efficient management of solid waste is of utmost important. Inefficient waste management is one of the major hindrances of sustainable development. In India, as the city limits are ever increasing and the government plans to build 100 smart cities, adoption of smart bins for solid waste management http://smartcitiescouncil.com/smart-cities-information-center/waste-management